There are currently over 321,000,000 inhabitants in the Unites States, 69% of them are overweight, from which 35% are obese. Overweight, obesity and morbid obesity are serious health problems that affect modern societies all over the world. Despite the fact that losing weight is often associated with beauty and vanity, it is also an important health matter, often recommended and supervised by physicians.
The following are several medical reasons to lose weight:
Weight Loss Reduces the Risk of Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common comorbidities associated with obesity. Due to excess weight, the body is still able to produce enough insulin, but its cells become resistant to the insulin’s action. Researchers haven’t been able to disclose the reasons for this resistance, while recent data suggested that the problem is related to stress created in the endoplasmic reticulum, a system of cellular membranes that suppresses the signals of insulin receptors, leading to the development of insulin resistance. As a result, weight loss decreases the probability of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, while patients who already suffer from the disease may benefit from the loss as well.
Lighter Weight Means Healthier Heart
Obesity greatly impacts heart health, being responsible for the development of a series of conditions, including coronary heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke. According to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, overweight patients are at risk of dying due to a heart disease up to 12 years earlier than other people. Losing weight with an healthy diet and exercise may help restore the heart’s health.
Decreased Cancer Risk After Weight Loss
Women who are overweight or obese are four times more likely to suffer endometrial cancer, for instance. This is only one example on how weight affects the development of cancer, which also works for breast cancer. Women are particularly at risk since body fat produces estrogen, a hormone related to the condition. Similarly, recovery after cancer treatment is not only faster, but also more effective in patients with a healthy weight.
The World Health Organization estimates that between one-fourth and one-third of cancer cases in the world are attributable to excess weight and physical inactivity.
Lose Weight to Fight Metabolic Disorders
Properly processing lipids, proteins or carbohydrates may be difficult for patients who suffer from metabolic disorders. It is a genetic and inherited disease that influences the normal function of enzymes, and consequently provoking digestion problems and discomfort. In order to fight the disease and lose weight, patients may consider seeking genetic counseling since loosing weight on their own is more difficult than for other patients.